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心静如水

喜欢像水一样清澈平静的生活,

 
 
 

日志

 
 
关于我

工作单位:大连理工大学应用数学系(现更名为数学科学学院) 我的专业:概率论与数理统计

网易考拉推荐

【学习英语】新概念英语 2 Lesson 1  

2012-05-26 22:37:48|  分类: 学习英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

 

 

【学习英语】新概念英语 2  Lesson 1 - 心静如水 - 心静如水

 

3.语法

请到图书馆阅读《新概念英语 2》辅导系列丛书。(书很贵,可以不买)

(4)句子成分

一个句子中起着不同语法作用的部分成为为句子成分。

句子成分:主语、谓语、宾语、表语、定语、状语等。主要部分是主语和谓语动词。句中没有定语和状语,句子同样完整。

词类与句子成分是不同的。词类指单词的分类(名词、动词、形容词、副词、代词、数词、冠词、介词、连词、感叹词),句子成分指单词在句中的功用。实词(名词、动词、代词、形容词、副词、数词)一般可以做句子成分。虚词(冠词、介词、连词、感叹词)不能作句子成分。

(5)简单陈述句的语序

主语+谓语动词+宾语+状语(方式状语、地点状语、时间状语)

主语(名词、代词或名词短语)通常位于谓语动词之前,动词必须与主语一致。在主动句中,宾语(名词、代词或名词短语)位于动词之后。状语一般的排序:方式状语+地点状语+时间状语。时间状语可以在句首,也可以在句尾。

例如:①Tom(主语)read(谓语动词)quietly(方式副词)in his room(地点状语)all afternoon(时间状语). 无宾语

整个下午托姆都在房间里安静地读书。

②They(主语)played(谓语)basketball(宾语)on the playground(地点状语)yesterday afternoon(时间状语).

他们昨天下午在操场打篮球了。

③I(主语)met(谓语)my boss(宾语)on my way home(地点状语)yesterday(时间状语).

昨天我在回家的路上遇到了我的老板。

 

练习

1.下列陈述句的语序不对,请排列正确的语序,填在表格内。

例如:I  last year  to America  went. (不正确语序)

I went to America last year. (正确语序)

(1)The  film  I enjoyed  yesterday.

(2)The news  listened to  I  carefully.

(3)Well  the man  the piano  played.

(4)Games  played  yesterday  in their room  the children  quietly.

(5)quietly  the door  he  opened.

(6)Immediately  left  he.

(7)A tree  in the corner  of the garden  he  planted.

(8)Before lunch  the letter  in his office  he  read.

(9)This morning  a book  from the library  borrowed.

(10)The soup  spoilt  the cook.

(11)We  at home  stay  on Sundays.

(12)There  a lot of  people  are  at the bus stop.

There are a lot of people at the bus stop. (正确语序)

(13)The little body  an  apple  this morning  ate greedily  in the kitchen.

(14)She  beautiful  draws.

(15)Music  I  like  very much.

(16)A new school  built  they  in our village  last year.

(17)The match  at four o’clock  ended.

(18)She  a letter from her brother  last week  received.

 

表格

6

(时间状语)

1

(主语)

2

(谓语)

3

(宾语)

(表语)

4

(方式状语)

5

(地点状语)

6

(时间状语)

When?

Who?

Which?

What?

Action

Who?

Which?

What?

How?

Where?

When?

 

I

enjoyed

the film

 

 

yesterday

 

I

listened to

the news

carefully

 

 

 

The man

played

piano

well

 

 

 

The children

played

 

games

 

quietly

 

in their room

yesterday

 

He

opened

the door

quietly

 

 

 

 

He

Left

 

immediately

 

 

 

He

planted

a tree

 

in the corner of garden

 

 

He

read

the letter

quickly

in his office before lunch

 

I

borrowed

a book

 

from the library this morning

 

The cook

spoilt

the soup

 

 

 

 

We

stay

 

 

at home

on Sundays

 

A lot of

people

are

 

 

 at the bus stop

 

 

The little boy

ate

greedily an apple

in the kitchen

this morning

 

She

draws

 

beautifully

 

 

 

I

like

music

very much

 

 

 

They

built

a new school

 

in our village

Last year

 

The match

ended

 

 

 

at four o’clock

 

She

received

a letter

 

from her brother

last week

 

 

2.用动词的适当形式填空.

(1)He was rich in those days. (be)

(2)I went to the Europe the year before last. (go)

(3)My grandmother told me a interesting story last Saturday. (tell)

(4)Her son seldom gets up before 8 o’clock on Sunday. (get up)

(5)At that moment I was having lunch with my parents. (have)

(6)Have you read the magazine yet? (read)

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