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心静如水

喜欢像水一样清澈平静的生活,

 
 
 

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工作单位:大连理工大学应用数学系(现更名为数学科学学院) 我的专业:概率论与数理统计

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【学习英语】新概念英语 2 lesson 3  

2012-06-08 20:19:08|  分类: 学习英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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【学习英语】新概念英语 2 lesson 3 - 心静如水 - 心静如水

 

Lesson 3  

2. Text

Please send me a card

Postcards always spoil my holidays. Lost summer I went to Italy. I visited museums and sat in public gardens. A friendly waiter taught me a few words of Italian. Then he lent me a book. I read a few lines, but I did not understand a word. Every day I thought about postcards. My holidays passed quickly, but I did not send cards to my friends. On the last day I made a big decision. I got up early and bought thirty-seven cards. I spent the whole day in my room, but I did not write a single card!

译文

明信片总搅得我假日不得安宁。去年夏天,我参观了博物馆,还去了公园。一位好客的服务员教了我几句意大利语,之后还借给我一本书。我读了几行,但一个子也不懂。我每天都想明信片的事。假期过得真快,可我还没有给我的朋友们寄过一张明信片。到了最后一天,我作出了一项重大的决定。我很早起了床,买来了37张明信片。我在房间里关了一整天,但是连一张明信片也没写成。

3.用括号中的正确形式填空。

Lost summer I went (go)to Italy. I visited (visit) museums and sat (sit)in public gardens. A friendly waiter taught (teach) me a few words of Italian. The he lent (lend) me a book. I read (read) a few lines, but I did not understand (not understand) a word. Every day I thought (think) about postcards. My holidays passed (pass) quickly, but I did not send (not send) cards to my friends. On the last day I made (make) a big decision. I got (get) up early and bought (buy) thirty-seven cards. I spent (spend) the whole day in my room, but I did not write (not write) a single card!

4.Summary writing 摘要写作

Postcards always spoil writer’s holidays. Last summer he spent his holiday in Italy. Every day he thought about postcards, but he didn’t send a card. On the last day, he bought thirty-seven cards. He stayed all day in his room, but he didn’t write a single card.

5.用括号中动词的正确形式填空。

(下面的段落中,last year表示了过去发生的事情,所以动词时态应该是一般过去时。)

My friend Boy, died (die) last year. He left (leave) me his CD player and collection of CDs. Roy spent (spend) a lot of money on CDs. He bought (buy) one or two new CDs every week. He never went (go) to the cinema or to the theatre. He stayed (stay) at home every evening and listened (listen) to music. He often lent (lend) his friends. Sometimes they kept (keep) them. He lost (lose) many CDs in the way.

6.语法— 一般过去时

(1)一般过去时用动词的过去式表示,除be外,其余动词的过去式没有人称和数的变化。

动词be的第一人称和第三人称单数用was, 其余用were.

动词have 一律用 had,没有人称和数的变化。

行为动词一律用过去式,没有人称和数的变化。

一般情况下,动词词尾+ ed, 如:watch→watched, work →worked

不规则动词不定式需要记忆。

(2)一般过去时的用法

①一般过去时用来表示过去的一段时间内经常性和习惯性的行为或情况。经常伴有频率副词,即使没有明确表示过去时间状语,动词的过去时态已明确表示过去的时间概念。过去发生的事情和现在已经没有直接的联。例如:

I usually got up at six.

那时我经常6点起床。

He often had his lunch at home.

当时他经常在家吃午餐.

There was a small store near my house.

我家附近当时有个小商店。

②一般过去时表示过去明确的时间发生的动作或出现的状态

句中有明确表示过去的时间状语:明确过去的时间或用last…, 用…ago构成时间状语。

last adj 刚过去的,紧接前面的,最后的;

adv 最后,上一次,最近一次

ago adv 以前

例如:

We went to the film last night.

我们昨天晚上去看电影了。

My son held a big party last week.

我儿子上周举办一个大型聚会。

She began to study English three years ago.

三年前她开始学英语。

I got up at seven yesterday morning.

我昨天早晨七点起床。

My children and I had lunch together this noon.

我和孩子们今天中午吃午餐了。

He worked in the office last Saturday.

他上周六在办公室工作。

He was a driver ten years ago.

他10年前是司机。

She bought a new hat last mouth.

上个月她买了一顶新帽子。

③有些情况或事情发生的具体时间不清楚,只要和现在没有联系,都应使用过去时

例如:

He didn’t catch the ball.

他没接到球。

Thousands of students took part in the exam.

成千上万的学生参加考试。

注意:

一般过去时和现在完成时的共同点:都是发生在过去的动作或行为。不同点:一般过去时表示过去有明确时间的动作(或用ago, last),不一定表示和现在的关系。现在完成时表示发生在过去不明确时间的动作,强调动作与现在的关系,对现在产生的结果、影响等。

例如:

Tom had lunch at 12:30 yesterday.

托姆昨天中午12点30分吃的午饭。

Tom has already had lunch. 托姆已经吃过午饭了。

【学习英语】新概念英语 2 lesson 3 - 心静如水 - 心静如水【学习英语】新概念英语 2 lesson 3 - 心静如水 - 心静如水

 

 

 

 

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